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General Material Storage In The Warehouse

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General Material Storage In The Warehouse
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Article general material storage in the warehouse is a continuation of the previous article on the acceptance of goods (material) in the warehouse that I have previously published on this blog.

Today, in this article, I will review the process of storing material in the warehouse (Storage). Please read the following:


Storage of goods in the warehouse requires attention and handling is very consistent because if the handling is inconsistent then it will cause many problems in the warehouse. The problems include expired goods, warehouse mess, and clutter, stock cards do not update, hidden goods, deadstock and many other problems that will arise.

A warehouse head or anyone involved in a warehouse must follow the applicable SOP (Standart Operating Procedure) in the warehouse. The SOP is made with the aim that the management of the storage of goods and materials in the warehouse can run well and prevent problems such as the above.

Then, what are the activities in the warehouse that relate to the storage of goods (storage)? What is the method or system of storing good goods in the warehouse? 

Let's read the following review.

1. Stock Card Update

This is the basic process of general material storage in the warehouse. Record all items entered into the stock card. The date of entry, its number, the document number of the course letter correctly. The writing in the stock card must be clear and legible, especially in the number of numbers.

Here is an example of a warehouse stock card:

In the present time, every average company is already using an ERP system. The type can be varied, such as SAP, Accurate, Axapta and many others. The function is to have the data presented is data that is updated and correct. 

But the ERP system is also not perfect because it all depends heavily on the consistency of its human resources in inputting the data that is the responsibility. Therefore in some companies still implement the stock card system in monitoring transactions and the mutation of goods that occur.

2. Stock-taking

Stock-taking is an activity that must be done in the warehouse. The goal is to calculate the actual stock quantity of the goods at that time. Later, the stock count result will be analyzed and the comparison between the goods in and out of the actual compare.

If there is a difference, immediately analyze more in-depth to determine the cause of the difference. After that, it is reconciling the stock data back so that the data stock update again. Without doing stock count results periodically, it will be difficult to analyze because it is not in the know the material or goods that are the difference.

The schedule of the stock count results, in general, is once a month. But there are also those who apply once a month, six months or even once a year. But the most ideal in my opinion is once a month. Why? Because it is still fresh and transactions that occur not so long, so that the search if there is a difference in the amount when the stock count result will be easier and faster.

For the record, for certain materials that are expensive stock count result value can be done on a daily or weekly basis.

Good material storage is one of the factors that affect the accuracy of the Stock warehouse Material Data.

After talking about storage methods, it's good that we know and understand first about SOP and the purpose of storing material (storage) in the warehouse.

The objectives of SOP (Standard Operating Procedure) and storage in the warehouse are as follows:

1. To prepare materials for production needs to be run smoothly.

2. Reduce the risk of loss that will arise such as the cessation of the production process as a result of the delay of supply material from suppliers.

3. Maintain and suppress the cost of purchase, especially if the material available in the market is limited and always changing-change with the price trend is steadily rising.

If the price is down it does not hurt we make a purchase more than they need with the consideration of a price difference is quite high if we compare by making the next month's purchase.

4. Do management and arrangement in order not to happen overstock that is detrimental because the storage system is always on the monitor.

5. Prevent losses resulting from damage to the material as a result of storage that is not managed and set properly.

Alright, now we continue with the storage method in the warehouse.

A. Racking System

Small racking at warehouse
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I've told you in some of my previous articles that a good warehouse is not an extensive warehouse. A good warehouse is a warehouse that can make use of limited space or space and familiarize it with creative methods and ideas in performing a storage system.

With more expensive space or space especially in big cities such as Jakarta, Semarang, Surabaya, Medan and others then the racking system into an efficient storage solution. With this system, material storage is no longer oriented to the horizontal area of the warehouse but with this system racking up space warehouse in maximizing vertically upward.

The Material is placed on the specified rack-rack. Each level of the rack is divided into several bin-bin in adjusting to the needs.

One thing that needs to be attention is, with the vertical system upwards than in need of investment tools to perform the placement and retrieval of materials from the rack. The tool is the reach truck Lift.

Then in need of consistent labeling to facilitate the material control. The Label must always be updated at any time if there is a change because the material is taken or added.

B. Group Based Storage Methods

Basically, the material group can be grouped into three kinds of big goods (bulky parts), small parts group and chemical Parts Group (chemicals)...

In addition to grouping storage areas in bulky parts and small parts, the order of goods will look neater. Then for chemical parts, because it has a very flammable nature in general, then the method of storage follows specific ways according to the storage instructions of the supplier and the warehouse also must be separated from other material warehouses.

C. Special Methods

Special methods are used to store sensitive materials such as:

1. Labels

Labels are very sensitive to heat because labels generally use adhesive material. Of course, this glue will be very sensitive to temperature and heat because it will cause the power to decrease.

2. Electric Parts

Electric parts are also very sensitive to hot temperatures, otherwise, it is also very sensitive to dirt and dust. Therefore, electric material storage should be at the recommended temperature of the supplier.

For this particular storage place in the room that has temperature control and on the monitor and in keeping so that room temperature is always in a stable state.

That's an article about General Material Storage In The Warehouse . Hopefully, this article is useful to you. 

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