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PPIC-How To Make An Effective And Efficient Production Process planning

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PPIC-How To Make An Effective And Efficient Production Process planning

A PPIC (Production Planning And Inventory Control) has a lot of tasks in a company. If a company is a restaurant, then the role of PPIC is as a food organizer what to cook by the chefs to fit the wishes of the guests who come to visit and make food.

PPIC is the person who is responsible for calculating what items should be purchased and how much they are in the restaurant's purchase order to later fit the planned food production plan in detail. 

Then he also had to arrange for the food production process to go well, arranging how many people the Chef had to cook, arranging when the goods bought by the purchase must arrive and so on. Everything counts carefully and details so that no one is missed.

In conjunction with the role of PPIC in a company, one of its tasks is to create an effective and efficient production process planning, so as to maximize production capacity by taking into account the number of manpower (manpower) and machinery available.

As an overview for you, here is a description of the article about how a PPIC in planning an effective and efficient production process, among others:

Production Process Planning

Planning the production process is a function in a manufacturing process that establishes the processes and parameters that are used to change the raw material part into a finished product that is ready to be sold to the customer (consumers).

Planning a production process must necessarily start with the planning process. Planning is the determination of the assembly process and manufacture and sequencing in which the process must be completed to make the product from the initial form to the final form.

The steps of the planning process include:
  • Design Image Interpretation
  • Processes and sequences
  • Equipment selection
  • Selection of tools, dies, mold and so on
  • Analysis method
  • Working standards
  • Cutting tools and cutting conditions
For individual parts, the process sequence is documented in a form called a routing sheet. The selection of operations relies heavily on the shape to be produced and the ability of the machine to be used. Generally, the selection of the machine is determined by the operation needed to produce the final product.

Planning Definitions

The sense of planning is a way of thinking about social and economic issues, especially in the future-oriented issue where the possibility of such problems will occur.

Some of the experts in this field of planning have formulated planning as an activity to organize rare sources wisely and constitute the arrangement and adjustment of human relationships with the environment and with the future.

Another definition of planning is the thinking of the next day, meaning planning means management, decision-makers, a formal procedure for obtaining tangible results, in a variety of decisions according to the integrated system.

In the opinion of an expert named Wilson, the sense of planning is one of the other processes, or alter a situation to achieve the intended purpose by the planning or by the person or entity represented by the planning. According to him a plan includes analysis, policy, and design activities.

The main features of general planning include a series of sequential actions aimed at solving future issues. All these plans include a sequential process that can be embodied as a concept in a number of stages.

Because activities are sequential, means there are stages that must be passed in planning, among others:
  • Identification of issues
  • General-purpose formulation and specific objectives of quantitative targets
  • Future projection of the situation
  • Search and appraisal of various alternative
  • Selected Plan Drafting
The question then is whether the terms of the planning are good? Good planning includes the following:
  • Planning should be logical and sensible
  • Planning should be realistic and based on reality
  • Planning should be simple
  • Planning should be systematic and scientific
  • Objective
  • Flexible
  • Useful
  • Optimization and efficiency
Terms of planning:
  • Limitations and constraints
  • Motivation and dynamics
  • Common interests
  • Certain norms.
  • Basic planning factors
  • Resources (nature, human, capital, technology)
  • Ideology and Philosophy
  • Objectives of development objectives
  • Policy Basics
  • Data and methods
  • Environmental, social, political, and cultural conditions.
  • Good planning should also consider:
  • Upcoming conditions
  • Activities to be carried out
  • The current period is when the plan is
  • Planning needs to be at all levels of the organization
  • Top management
  • Long-term planning and organizational strategies
  • Management down
  • Short-term planning and on Working Group/unit 
"Planning is flexibility, active, dynamic, continuous and creative."
Important aspects of planning are:
  • Decision-making
  • The development process and
  • Screening of a bunch of activities to troubleshoot problems

Types Of Planning

In an organization or company generally use two main plans:
  • Strategic Plan
  • Operational plan
The difference between strategic and operational plan there are four main types, such as:
  • Time horizon
  • Scope
  • Complexity and impact
  • Independent
The basic stages of planning are:
  • Stage 1: Set the current state
  • Phase 2: Formulate the current state
  • Stage 3: Identifying all ease and barriers
  • Stage 4: Develop a plan or series of activities to
  • Achievement of objectives

Reasons Why Planning Matters?

There are at least two kinds of advantages that will get from a plan, namely:
  • Protective benefits resulting from the reduction of possible mistakes in decision making
  • Positive benefits in the form of successful achievement of organizational objectives
  • Benefits of a plan
Here are nine benefits of a plan, among others:
  • Help management adapt to environmental changes
  • Assists in the crystallization of major problems
  • Understand the overall overview of the operation clearer
  • Help the placement of responsibilities faster
  • Provide a way of giving orders to operate
  • Facilitate coordination among various parts of the organization
  • Make goals more specific, detailed and easier to understand
  • Minimize uncertain work
  • Save time, effort, time and cost
  • The weakness of a plan
A plan besides having a positive side, but also has a negative side, among others:
  • The work covered in the planning may be over
  • Planning tends to delay activities
  • Planning too restricts management to take initiative and innovate
  • Sometimes the best results are obtained from the completion of individual situations and the handling of any problems when the problem occurs
  • There are plans that are followed by inconsistent ways
  • Process Selection
When a company has decided to make its own product, the important thing that needs to be decided is how it will be made later. Decisions on steps and procedures are based on first-experience, related needs, production level, and expectation of future dating.

The planning procedure in a process selection is carried out in the following stages:
  • The first phase is the lumbering of the operations required to perform the process of making each component. It also specified some alternatives to raw material forms and types of operating elements needed.
  • The second stage, identification of various types of equipment that can be used to perform the operating elements specified on stage-1. It is also worth considering whether you will use manual, mechanical, or automatic equipment.
  • The third stage, conducting process time analysis per unit, utilization of equipment for various operating elements, and analysis of alternative types of equipment needed.
  • The fourth stage, combustion or standardization process, with input in the form of the analysis result of the third stage.
  • Evaluation of the economic side of alternative types of equipment to determine the process to be used. The evaluation concerns intangible factors such as flexibility, reliability, maintenance, reliability, and security services.
Production planning can be defined as a process for planning production systems so that market demand can be fulfilled according to the right amount, exact delivery time, and minimum production cost. Production planning officers, the task is more on management how a product is processed in the factory from raw materials to ready to be shipped.

Production planning should have the following properties:

The production process is a very complex process. The process requires a variety of involvement – the level of skills of your workforce, the capital equipment, and the information that is usually done continuously – in a very long period of time. The usual approach is to create a production plan that covers a certain period of time and will be updated when the time period is reached.

In production planning, generally, we will find three types of planning based on the period of time covered by the planning, namely:
  • Long-term production planning
  • Medium-term production planning.
  • Short-term production planning
Planning the production process should be done gradually and in a level. That is, from low-level production planning, where lower-level production planning is the description of higher-level production planning.

Sustainable production planning is structured for a certain period which is the validity period of the plan. Once expired, a new production plan must be made for the next period of time.

The planned production plan must be in accordance with the company's condition so that the target set is a realistic value to be achieved with the conditions that the company has when the plan is made.

Accurate production planning should be made based on information-accurately informed about internal and external conditions so that the numbers raised in the production target can be accounted for.

Production planning is a statement about the production plan into the aggregate form. Production planning is a communication tool between the management of the terrace (top management) and manufacturing. In addition, production planning is a grip to design the parent production schedule.

The following are some of the other functions of the production planning are:
  • Ensure sales plans and production plans are consistent with the company's strategic plans
  • As a measure of production planning process performance
  • Ensure consistent production capability to production plans
  • Monitor actual production results against production plans and make adjustments.
  • Set up a finished product inventory to achieve production targets and cheerful plans
  • Directing the preparation and implementation of the production.
  • Production Planning Objectives
The objectives of production planning include:
  • As a first step to determine the reduction activity is to reference the more detailed planning of an aggregate plan into an item in a production master schedule.
  • As a resource plan input so resource planning can be developed to support production planning.
  • Dampening (stabilization) of production and labor against demand fluctuations.
That's an article about How To Make An effective And efficient Production Process Planning. Hopefully will be useful to you.

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