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4 Digital Information Technology Trends in Ports

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4 Digital Information Technology Trends in Ports

4 Digital Information Technology Trends in Ports 

Digital information technology is constantly being developed to optimize the distribution of goods in ports. The latest digital information technology is key to effectiveness and efficiency amid high trade between countries.

Although the business world is affected by the pandemic, the port still operates to ensure the country's economy. Including in Indonesia, Pelindo-managed ports continue to operate to serve import exports.

Pandemics are changing the way things work, including at ports. Viruses that spread through human physical interactions, making machines and information technology a mainstay so that there is not much human interaction.

Here are four digital information technology trends at the port, summarized from a variety of sources:

1. 5G Network

The 5G ecosystem will continue to grow and expand, increasing the level of automation and artificial intelligence implementation that is needed on the operational side.

Ports and terminals will be in desperate need of the benefits of technological breakthroughs. The German port of Hamburg, one of the ten largest container terminals in Europe, has trialed 5G technology to transform into in their language, 'a hub of the next-generation mobile communications industry'.

So based on the trials, 5G technology will optimize the port development plan going forward. It also improves performance in the field to monitor day-to-day operations to make the terminal port more 'smart' (effectively operational performance).

Then the increased connectivity and speed offered by 5G makes it able to transfer data securely in milliseconds! So it is very potential to conduct disruptions in the form of technological transformation in the container shipping industry, inter-port network, as well as logistics services company to be the foundation of a more 'smart' supply chain network. 5G will also be the glue of the Internet of Things (IoT) technology.

2. Sensor Technology

This technology will grow further with the basis of the 5G network. This flexible and in-network technology will be developed in tandem with IoT with mobile networks. Mobile IoT means connectedness between physical equipment.

Ports and terminals can be implemented so that equipment at the port can transmit data through sensors more independently(not dependent), automated, and operated efficiently.

Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL) has implemented this innovation in the form of a container tracking management system that uses optical sensors to detect changes in conditions, including detecting when containers are opened by unauthorized parties.

In the final stage, ports and terminals will focus on increasing the capacity of data capable of being processed by smart sensors. Especially to develop new services and platforms to make the most of information.

3. Internet of Vehicles

When smart solutions rely on IoT and have begun to be widely implemented in ports and terminals around the world, the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is still in the early stages of development. Nevertheless, the concept will take off in 2019, which is important in supporting traffic management at the port to be more effective, thus improving safety and reducing collision risk.

The Spanish port of Valencia in cooperation with MSC Mediterranean Shipping Company has teamed up to integrate IoV technology as a trucking solution.

So MSC trucks in Spain have been equipped with IoT devices to track vehicles in real-time to help ports to predict and prepare for arrivals and potential congestion at the port gates.

4. Port Centric Logistics

Although technology is considered to be the key to improving efficiency and reliability, in the port and terminal sectors, there is always an interest in becoming a trading hub to simplify the logistics network infrastructure. The 'revival' of the concept of port-centric logistics is proof that the importance of end-to-end supply chain business processes (from upstream to downstream) is to apply this concept.

World giant Amazon has successfully changed its customer expectations that when it comes to delivery speeds, it is important to invest more broadly in the supply chain and provide conditions conducive to the supervision of goods.

Before the goods enter the wider supply chain network. This way is believed to open an even bigger business gate.

Ultimately, the maritime business that implements port-centric logistics in daily operations will grow significantly by utilizing technological sophistication, as well as towards the successful way that other modern ports have done.

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