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Inventory Management Review: Average Inventory Levels

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Inventory Management Review

I have as of late got many requests concerning average inventory levels so I figured I would give an article in regards to how to discover them. The principal half of this article covers how to discover what inventory levels ought to be, and the subsequent half covers what they have been previously. 

How to Optimize Average Inventory Levels 

This part is here to give a short depiction of how ideal inventory levels for materials are stayed with expecting the is a common case with no peculiar factors. This segment can fill in as a beginning stage for inventory chiefs. 

The first thing you need to decide on the ideal inventory levels is a material's Economic Order Quantity (EOQ). This is the sum you ought to arrange when you place orders. 

Next, you need to decide on your Safety Stock (SS). This is the sum that you ought to have remaining when the EOQ shows up. 

Essentially, security stock is the average absolute minimum you will have at any given time, and EOQ+SS is the average most extreme sum you will have at some random point on the schedule. 

This ought to be instinctive because wellbeing is the thing that you have when your shipment shows up and when the request shows up (EOQ) it gets added to the security stock. 

I say average least and most extreme since you probably won't get the EOQ precisely when you wanted to and in this way may have pretty much. On average you ought to have the SS sum when you get shipments. 

Between these two average least and greatest qualities lies your drawn-out average inventory. 

The recipe for this is: 

Ideal Average Inventory=(EOQ+SS+SS)/2 

This is for materials. For completed merchandise, you should expect to keep an inventory level intended to forestall a stock out. 

This level would be a well-being supply of completed merchandise, subsequently making the ideal average inventory for completed the security stock worth dependent on your organization's administration level. 

How to Assess Inventory Levels 

Shortsighted Method - Historical Inventory Levels 

Most techniques for bookkeeping take the starting inventory of a period, add it to the consummation inventory of a period, and separate it by 2. This gives the numerical average to a given month. 

For instance, if your inventory level for a decent is 2000 on July first, you produce 3000 units and sell 1000 units by July 31st. This leaves you with 4000 units. The equation is: 

Avg. Inventory = (Beginning Inventory+(Beginning Inventory+Units Produced-Units Sold))/2 

Avg. Inventory = (2000+(2000+3000-1000))/2 = 3000 

Or then again more essentially: 

Avg. Inventory = (Beginning Inventory+Ending Inventory)/2 

Avg. Inventory=(2000+4000)/2=3000 

So this covers verifiable looks utilizing a bookkeeping approach. A ton of firms utilize this technique to assess their average inventory levels. By and by, I disapprove of this technique which I accept the accompanying model will assist with representing: 

Day by day Weighted Average Inventory Approach 

Assume you start with 10,000 units in May first. Likewise, guess you produce 10,000 units in that month spread out across 21 workdays. Presently (and this is the significant part) assume you sold 20,000 units in May. 

This brings the complete inventory to 0. Utilizing bookkeeping techniques, the equation gives us 10,000 as the average inventory. 

So for what reason is this so awful? So, because the average inventory isn't 10,000 units. Truth be told, there were just two days in which 10,000 units or less were held and these days were May first (10,000 units) and May 31st (0 Units). 

Expecting that creation was level through the multi-day working month, this implies that 500 units were delivered every day, hence raising inventory by 500 units per day until the inventory was dropped by 20,000 on the 31st. 

Here is what the inventory levels resemble in the long stretch of May (each record addresses the finish of 1 working day in a multi-day work month). 

1. 10,500 

2. 11,000 

3. 11,500 

4. 12,000 

5. 12,500 

6. 13,000 

7. 13,500 

8. 14,000 

9. 14,500 

10. 15,000 

11. 15,500 

12. 16,000 

13. 16,500 

14. 17,000 

15. 17,500 

16. 18,000 

17. 18,500 

18. 19,000 

19. 19,500 

20. 0 


Unmistakably, this strategy for average inventory gives very different average inventory esteems than bookkeeping strategies. 

It gives every day of the month an equivalent load rather than giving the first and the most recent day of the month half weight every which I accept to give more precise outcomes. 

My model may appear to be somewhat outrageous, yet consider an organization that creates huge runs of merchandise for another organization and consents to clutch their inventory conveying once every month. 

For this situation the provider could begin and end with 0 units every month end transport everything off, finishing with 0 units every month making the average completed merchandise inventory 0. 

Their average inventory certain as hellfire isn't 0. They are higher, and they might be a lot higher. Hence, it is vital to painstakingly pick how you survey your average inventory levels. 

Why are inventory levels so significant? 

To lay it out plainly, average inventory levels are significant because they permit you to decide how much cash you have tied up in inventory and how much worth your inventory resources hold. 

Assisting with figuring out what they ought to be can help scale back unnecessary inventory, and understanding what they are can assist you with deciding average stockroom utilization, inventory hazard, level of resources that are made up inventory, holding costs, and so forth to audit data concerning high and low inventory levels.

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