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Warehouse Management System (WMS) in the Warehousing Industry

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Highlight of Warehouse Management System (WMS)

If we talk about warehousing management then we can't be separated from talking about WMS. And I have also published quite a number of articles related to WMS in previous articles on this blog.

For those of you who haven't read it, it's a good idea to take your time to read the articles. Please just type WMS in the search field on this blog.

WMS is a system used in warehouse management that regulates the process of handling goods, starting from the receiving process to delivery to customers. 

The whole process is carried out using a certain system and is usually assisted by computerized devices, pallets, forklifts and high racks.

In WMS (Warehouse Management System) all goods storage is managed by a system that has been set up previously. In this case, including the determination of the locations of storage of goods has also been determined in advance.

For example :

  • Dry food location 
  • Hard lineline location 
  • Fresh food location
  • Soft location 

The weight of each item has also been adjusted in such a way that when a certain quantity of goods arrives, the goods will be directed to be stored at a certain shelf level.

For example :

  • Heavy goods: low level – 3
  • Medium goods: level 2-5
  • Light goods: level 3-7 

The use of this WMS method requires very good and standard shelf management and master data of goods, very detailed locations in the warehouse.

Types of Shelves in WMS 

Types of Shelves in WMS

The following are the types of shelves in WMS, among others:

1. Selective Type 

  • Selective type rack is a tall shelf that is generally used by many warehouses. 
  • The characteristics of Selective racks are as follows:
  • Most widely used
  • Shelf height can be adjusted to the height of the Warehouse
  • Requires a large space
  • Almost all warehouses use this type of rack

2. Drive In Type 

Drive in type rack has the following characteristics:

  • Used for non-selective and non-rotating goods
  • For large storage capacity
  • Using rails
  • LIFO system
  • The forklift must enter the rack to carry out the put away / let down process

3. Double Deep Type 

Double Deep type rack has the following characteristics:

  • Back to back rack placement
  • Save 30% space & 40% capacity
  • Large storage capacity
  • Maximum 4 pallets

For smooth operation, this double deep rack uses a forklift specially designed.

4. Type of Flow Storage 

This type of rack has the following characteristics:

  • FIFO system
  • Items will roll automatically due to the difference in shelf height towards the pick-up point
  • Great shelf life

5. Push Back Type 

This type of rack has the following characteristics:

  • LIFO system
  • Equipped with a wheeled frame and installed at an angle to allow goods to roll
  • The fastest time for loading or unloading
  • The forklift does not need to fit into the rack
  • Storage at once 2-4 pallets

6. VNA (Very Narrow Aisle)

VNA uses a type of selective rack so that some of the advantages that exist in selective racks also exist in this type of rack. In fact VNA is the answer to the wasteful space consumed by selective racks where VNA only requires half the path required by selective racks.

The downside is that these VNA racks require higher forklift technology.

That's the discussion about Warehouse Management System (WMS) in the Warehousing Industry. Hopefully the discussion of this material can add to your knowledge.

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