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What is Cross Docking?

What is Cross Docking?

Cross docking in Indonesia is not a new thing. The majority of truck drivers in Indonesia are very familiar with how the cross docking process is carried out. It's just that, in theory they never know what cross docking actually is because in general they call it a pok.

Definition of Cross docking

Definition of cross docking is the process of moving goods from the truck in the process of receiving goods directly into the delivery truck. 

This process is actually part of an efficient business process for receiving goods in addition to the bulk storage and racking processes.

In principle, the term cross docking is a shortening process of direct delivery from receiving goods without going through normal processes in general such as put away, refill and picking processes in warehouses.

Requirements for the Cross Docking Process 

The following are some of the basic requirements of a Cross Docking process, namely:

1. Goods received = Goods shipped

If all goods received by the warehouse are goods that will be sent to customers, or in other words, the goods ordered are goods that are currently in progress. received at the reception, then this is an ideal condition to carry out the Cross docking process. 

To achieve this condition, a very close cooperation is needed between the goods order department, the purchasing department and the distributor or principal in determining the type and quantity of goods to be shipped. 

The most busy and troublesome part if this condition can be achieved is the distributor or principal in preparing the goods to be sent.

In this case, the warehouse department may arrange for 1 receiving truck to be cross docked with 2 or 3 destinations or with 2 or 3 different trucks.

The main requirement is that the goods have been prepared by the distributor or principal in the correct unit according to the order unit.

2. An adequate cross docking location is available

This location will be used to unload goods in the warehouse first. Goods to be loaded directly onto the departure truck are abandoned and the remainder is stored in a rack location. 

In this way, the warehouse at least has saved the picking process activities that do not need to be done. Besides that, it is also necessary to prepare an appropriate loading dock location area so that the Cross docking process can be carried out quickly.

3. Limited number and types of goods

Cross docking process will be more effective if the type of goods to be processed Cross docking is not too many, but in large quantities. 

This means that the fewer variations in the type and type of goods, the faster the Cross docking process will be carried out.

4. The truck's arrival schedule is the same as the departure schedule

This is a situation that can sometimes be difficult to manage and requires a lot of work. To achieve this condition, very close cooperation with consumers and distributors or principals is required. 

Arrangement of appropriate truck schedules between arrival and departure is very possible if there are not too many outlets sent.

5. A balanced type of truck

Can you imagine, if the arrival truck uses a "tronton" type with a capacity of 20 tons, but the trucks available at your place are only 2 Fuso ankles? 

Of course it is impossible to do the Cross docking process properly. The balance between the types of arrival trucks and the trucks that will reload is the main requirement in a fast and efficient Cross docking process.

6. Complete documentation

This is very important because the pure Cross docking process is the transfer of cargo between trucks.

Make sure that the departure document (Delivery order) has data on the number or quantity of goods that are the same as the goods that arrived, although with a different purpose.

Thus a brief review of What is Cross Docking, I hope this information Will be useful for you.

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