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Recognize Liability and its Types in Business Operations

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Recognize Liability and its Types in Business Operations

The phrase "Liability" must be familiar to you. Of course, in the corporate sector, terminology like assets and liabilities are frequently employed and are intertwined.

These two factors, on the other hand, can aid future business development.

Liabilities are both short-term and long-term debtors' debts or responsibilities.

Companies, on the other hand, frequently have debts that must be paid in order to maintain the existence of assets. Because debt is a tool for a company to operate and develop.

As a result, it's not unexpected that many business owners risk going into debt in order to grow and expand their company.

Furthermore, you must be able to preserve money so that whatever commitments you have can be paid at a predetermined rate.

What is the Definition of Liability?

These liabilities are sometimes referred to as debt obligations that must be paid by one party to the other when running a business.

However, in most cases, the company's debt is used to complete operational activities in an ongoing business while also assisting the company's growth.

Furthermore, debt does not always take the form of money; it can instead take the shape of products or services. In accounting, liabilities are inversely proportional to the company's assets (assets). This is due to the fact that the corporation's assets are rights that the company has acquired.

The debt obligation, on the other hand, is something that must be paid to certain persons. As a result, debt is excluded from the company's assets.

Liabilities (debts) cannot, on the other hand, be equated with expenses (expenses). The term "expense" refers to an outlay paid to earn future revenue.

While a debt or responsibility must be paid without regard to whether or not the business's income is increasing or vice versa.

How Does Liability Work in a Business?

You will, of course, pay using cash in a checking account or a loan when making a purchase for business purposes (debt).

This loan is ultimately responsible for the creation of an obligation. However, unless you pay off your credit card debt before the end of the month, purchasing with a credit card is a type of borrowing.

Businesses also have obligations arising from their operations, such as paying employees' salaries and collecting sales taxes from customers. Because the firm trusts them until the obligation is met, these liabilities are often known as trust fund taxes.

Types of Liabilities


Debt (liabilities) does not always take the shape of money, as previously stated. The following are examples of the various types:

a. Short-Term Liabilities

Short-term liabilities are debts that must be paid as soon as possible and have a repayment period of no more than one accounting year.

The value of short-term liabilities is calculated by summing all of the debt values mentioned in the short-term debt component alone. The following are some examples of short-term liabilities:

  • Salaries
  • Loans
  • Sales tax payable 
  • Interest payable

b. Long-Term Liabilities

Long-term liabilities are obligations that must be repaid over a long period of time.

When a company wishes to start a new business or grow its existing business swiftly, the policy of using long-term liability is usually adopted.

That is, if you can appropriately and correctly manage your accounts payable. The following are some examples of long-term liabilities:

  • Mortgage payable
  • Capital leases.
  • Bonds Payable
  • Bank Loans

c. Contingent Liabilities

Contingent liabilities are the next type. This form of contingent obligation is also known as an extraordinary liability that will happen in the future.

This form of obligation, on the other hand, does not always arise in all business people. The following are some examples of contingent liabilities:

  • Product warranties
  • Claims

How to Analyze Business

Liabilities Liability is one of the things in the financial statements that you can use to analyze your company.

With detailed records and calculations, you can find out whether a company has many obligations or not. In analyzing this, there are 2 ways you can do, namely:

1. Debt To Asset Ratio 

For those of you who want to analyze business liabilities with debt to assets ratio, first you must have sufficient assets to pay off debt.

To analyze this ratio, you need to calculate the percentage of total debt, both short-term and long-term debt, with total business assets. However, when you do this, the thing you have to remember is that the debt ratio must be less than 50%.

2. Debt to Equity Ratio

For those who want to analyze business liabilities with a debt to equity ratio, you have to do this by calculating long-term and short-term liabilities with the company's equity.

If the debt-to-equity ratio is more than 40-50%, you must reduce debt. That's the discussion about liabilities. Although it looks risky, debt will not always harm the company.

Debt can actually be used to advance your business to make it more developed. The presence of debt can also motivate companies to generate greater income in order to earn profits and cover the debts that arise.

To monitor the age of debt and the overall financial process, you must keep records to ensure that all your financial data is monitored optimally.

Avoid manual bookkeeping which is time-consuming and has the potential for recording errors that can harm the business.

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