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Get to Know the Types of Containers

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Types of Containers

Containers, commonly known as crates or boxes, are three-dimensional storage units that meet international organization standards, such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). They serve as tools for transporting goods in various modes of cargo transportation, including ships, trucks, and trains. Containers are widely used in the import and export process.

Let's explore the various types of containers based on their intended use and the type of goods they carry.

General Container

A general container is commonly used to transport a wide range of general goods. This category includes general-purpose containers, open-side containers, open-top containers, and ventilated containers. General-purpose containers are designed to transport various types of goods and feature double doors on one side, facilitating the loading and unloading process.

Open-side containers have fully opening sides, making it easy to load and unload bulky or oversized items that cannot pass through a standard container door. Open-top containers have retractable roofs, allowing the loading of taller items or goods that need to be loaded from the top, such as large machinery or construction equipment.

Ventilated containers are designed with ventilation to ensure proper air circulation inside. They are typically used to transport goods that require good airflow, such as fruits, vegetables, or items prone to humidity. These containers help maintain the quality of goods during transportation.

Thermal Container

Thermal containers are specifically designed to control and regulate the temperature inside. They come with temperature control systems to maintain the desired conditions for the transported goods. One type of thermal container is the insulated container, which has an insulating layer to stabilize the internal temperature. Insulated containers are ideal for transporting temperature-sensitive goods, such as food products that require precise temperature control to stay fresh.

Reefer containers, also known as refrigerated containers, are thermal containers equipped with cooling systems. They are used to transport goods that require low or cold temperatures, such as dairy products, meat, or pharmaceuticals. Reefer containers have adjustable temperature controls to meet the specific needs of the goods being transported. With an efficient cooling system, these containers ensure that goods remain fresh and maintain their quality during shipping.

There are also special containers designed for transporting live animals, known as life containers or refrigerated containers. These containers are equipped with temperature control systems to maintain a suitable and comfortable temperature for the animals during transport. They feature good ventilation, anti-slip floors, and secure walls to ensure the welfare of the animals. Live containers are commonly used for transporting animals like poultry, fish, or pets that require special temperature conditions.

The use of thermal containers is crucial in the freight forwarding industry, where precise temperature regulation is essential. Shipping companies rely on these containers to maintain the quality of temperature-sensitive goods during transportation. Thermal containers play a significant role in preserving the freshness of food products, ensuring the quality of pharmaceutical goods, and safeguarding the well-being of live animals during transport.

A tank container, also known as a tank container, is a specialized type of container designed specifically for transporting liquid and gas cargoes. These containers have a tank-like shape and are housed within a sturdy container frame. Tank containers are constructed with materials that can withstand pressure and resist corrosion, making them suitable for transporting various loads, such as chemicals, fuel, and oil.

Tank containers are typically equipped with secure fill and discharge valves, as well as robust locking systems to prevent leaks and accidents during shipment. Additionally, temperature and pressure measurement and monitoring instruments are often installed inside the container to ensure the cargo remains in a safe condition and meets the necessary requirements.

The use of tank containers offers numerous advantages in the liquid and gas cargo shipping industry. These containers enable efficient and secure transportation of large quantities of cargo. By utilizing tank containers, the process of filling and emptying cargo becomes easier and faster, resulting in time and cost savings. Furthermore, tank containers can be flexibly employed in various modes of transportation, including ships, trains, and trucks.

In the chemical, oil, and gas industries, tank containers are the preferred choice for transporting cargo that requires special and stringent handling. They ensure the safety and integrity of the cargo during transit, reducing the risk of leaks or damage. With their high standards of safety and reliability, tank containers play a vital role in providing efficient and dependable logistics solutions for the transportation of liquid and gas cargoes worldwide.

Dry Box Container

A dry box container, also known as a dry container, is a type of general-purpose container specifically designed for transporting bulk cargoes such as rice and wheat. These containers feature a robust structure and are water-resistant, providing protection to the contents from external moisture and humidity. Dry box containers have a top door or opening used for loading or unloading bulk cargo into the container. These doors or openings can also be utilized for cargo discharge through the use of a suction system.

These containers play a significant role in the agriculture and bulk goods shipping industries. By employing dry box containers, bulk cargoes such as rice and wheat can be efficiently transported in large quantities. These containers enable accurate and orderly loading of bulk cargo, simplifying the transport and distribution process. Moreover, the structural strength of dry box containers safeguards the cargo from physical damage during transit.

Loading and unloading of bulk cargo in dry box containers typically occur through doors or openings at the top of the container. Specialized equipment or systems, such as lifting equipment and conveyors, are employed for the loading and unloading process. To empty bulk cargo, particularly fine-grained materials like flour, sawdust, or sugar, a bottom opening in the container is utilized to facilitate vacuum or suction-based discharge. This allows for quick and efficient emptying of containers, reducing time and effort in the shipping and distribution process.

Dry box containers are increasingly favored for bulk cargo shipments due to their safety and reliability. In the agricultural and trading industries, these containers are extensively used for transporting and storing various types of bulk cargo, ranging from grains to food products. The design advantages of dry box containers facilitate efficient loading and unloading processes, preserve the quality of bulk cargo, and simplify logistics. Thus, dry box containers provide an important solution to meet the shipping needs of bulk cargo in various industrial sectors.

Platform Container

A platform container, also known as a platform container, is a type of container consisting solely of a ground-level floor with supporting pillars or walls. Unlike regular containers, platform containers lack closed sides, allowing for the placement of larger dimension loads on top. Platform containers are commonly used for transporting items such as transformer machines, heavy equipment, large pipes, or construction materials that require ample space and support.

The simple design of platform containers provides flexibility in transporting loads that cannot be accommodated in traditional containers. During shipping, the load is placed on the ground floor of the container and supported by the surrounding pillars or supporting walls. This arrangement ensures that cargo with substantial dimensions and weight remains stable and secure during transit. These advantages make platform containers an efficient choice for transporting goods that do not require special protection or enclosure.

The specialty of platform containers lies in their ability to handle loads that vary in terms of dimensions and weight. Without closed sides, these containers offer flexibility in transporting goods with larger length, width, and height than standard containers can accommodate. The use of platform containers allows for the transportation of loads that would typically be challenging or impossible to fit into ordinary containers, such as large industrial machinery or heavy construction equipment, with high efficiency and safety. These containers can be easily adapted by extending the platform or utilizing additional supports to maintain load stability.

Special Container

As the name implies, a special container is a type of container specifically designed for transporting certain types of cargo. These containers are manufactured with specifications and features tailored to the unique requirements of the cargo being transported. Examples of special containers include containers for live livestock, cars, dangerous goods, and more.

Live livestock cargo containers are specialized containers designed specifically for transporting live animals, such as poultry, cattle, sheep, or fish. These containers are equipped with features like good ventilation, non-slip floors, and secure walls to ensure the welfare and safety of the animals during their journey. The container design takes into account the animals' needs in terms of ventilation, moisture, and protection from physical shocks.

There are special containers for transporting cars. These containers are sized to fit the dimensions of a car and equipped with a robust strapping system to keep the car stable during transport. Containers for cars also feature scratch-resistant and protective measures to safeguard the vehicle from damage during the shipping process.

Special containers are available for transporting dangerous goods. These containers adhere to international safety standards and regulations for the transportation of hazardous materials. They are designed with materials that are resistant to chemicals, fire, or leakage, and are equipped with locking systems and additional safety features to prevent accidents and leaks.

In conclusion, special containers are designed to cater to specific cargo needs. They provide tailored solutions for transporting live animals, cars, dangerous goods, and more. These specialized containers ensure the safety and integrity of the cargo, meeting industry-specific requirements and regulations.

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