Skip to content Skip to sidebar Skip to footer

How to Plan Small Business Management

How to Plan Small Business Management

Small business management refers to the process of owning, supervising, and controlling all aspects of a business that operates independently within its specific market or industry. It involves the day-to-day responsibilities of overseeing assets, resources, products, services, the workforce, and ultimately, the profits of the enterprise. Unlike larger corporations or franchises, small businesses are typically characterized by their localized presence and limited scale of operations.

In small business management, the owner or entrepreneur assumes a multifaceted role, often handling various tasks simultaneously. They are responsible for strategic decision-making, financial management, marketing and sales, human resource management, and operations. 

Small business owners must possess a diverse skill set and be adaptable to address the challenges and opportunities that arise in a competitive marketplace. They must also navigate through the complexities of maintaining profitability, managing costs, attracting customers, and ensuring the satisfaction of both employees and clients. Effective small business management requires a combination of leadership, organization, innovation, and the ability to leverage available resources to achieve long-term success.

In an economic environment that fosters and supports entrepreneurship, many individuals are drawn to the idea of owning and managing their own business. The allure of a small enterprise lies in the ability to be in close proximity to customers, which enables them to provide fast, flexible, and personalized service. 

Unlike larger corporations, small businesses have the advantage of being able to establish direct relationships with their customers, understanding their needs and preferences on a more intimate level. This proximity allows for quicker response times, customization of products or services, and the ability to adapt swiftly to changing market demands. 

Additionally, small businesses often find it easier and more cost-effective to innovate, as they have fewer bureaucratic layers and decision-making processes. This agility and flexibility provide them with a competitive edge, allowing them to introduce new ideas, products, or services to the market more rapidly and efficiently.

Moreover, owning a small business offers the opportunity for sole management and control. Entrepreneurs who choose this path have the freedom to make all the decisions regarding their business operations, strategies, and direction. This level of autonomy can be highly appealing, as it allows them to shape their business according to their vision and values. 

It also enables them to be more intimately involved in every aspect of the business, from hiring and managing employees to developing marketing campaigns and overseeing day-to-day operations. The sense of ownership and the ability to directly witness the impact of their decisions can be personally fulfilling for small business owners, as they have the opportunity to see their hard work and dedication translate into tangible results.

Managing both small and large businesses involves the five major functions of management—planning, organizing, directing, controlling, and coordinating.

One common mistake made by many small business owner-managers is neglecting the importance of planning and controlling functions. These two critical aspects, when executed effectively, play a significant role in setting and achieving excellent goals for the business. Planning involves developing a road map for the future, outlining objectives, strategies, and action plans to reach those goals. It helps the owner-manager identify potential challenges, allocate resources effectively, and make informed decisions. 

Controlling, on the other hand, entails monitoring and evaluating the progress of the business against the set goals. It involves measuring performance, comparing it to the desired outcomes, and taking corrective actions when necessary. By actively engaging in planning and controlling functions, small business owners can ensure that their efforts are aligned with long-term goals and increase the likelihood of achieving success.

In many small businesses, the management by objectives (MBO) approach is widely adopted. This approach is popular because it is result-oriented, focusing on the accomplishments and outcomes of tasks rather than merely the functions performed. With MBO, owner-managers set clear objectives and define measurable targets for employees to achieve. 

This creates a sense of purpose and direction within the organization, as each employee understands their specific role in contributing to the overall goals of the business. MBO fosters a goal-driven culture where employees are motivated to strive for excellence and take ownership of their responsibilities. By emphasizing results and providing regular feedback and performance evaluations, the MBO approach enables small businesses to enhance productivity, improve efficiency, and maintain a focus on long-term success.

Developing an Effective MBO Program

The first crucial step in developing an effective Management by Objectives (MBO) program is to clearly define your business. Having a transparent and attainable vision of the business is essential for various aspects, including planning, marketing, product development, acquiring necessary resources such as buildings and equipment, and determining financial and staffing needs. 

A well-defined vision serves as a guiding force in shaping the MBO program, ensuring that all goals and objectives align with the overarching business direction. It provides clarity and direction, enabling the owner-manager and the entire team to work towards a common purpose.

The next step in the MBO process is setting both short- and long-term business goals. Long-range goals act as the foundation upon which the MBO program is built. These goals should be carefully crafted to reflect the aspirations and objectives of the business. 

Importantly, the process of goal-setting should involve active communication and involvement of management and employees. By engaging the staff in the formulation of goals, their sense of commitment and ownership increases, fostering a collaborative environment where everyone is dedicated to achieving the desired outcomes.

The third step in developing the MBO program involves devising a comprehensive work plan. This plan should address specific areas, such as setting clear and concise goals, establishing benchmarks for measurement, anticipating potential challenges, and identifying the most critical steps to be completed within specified timeframes. 

Additionally, employees should identify which goals set by their supervisors are relevant to their own work, creating a clear alignment between individual and organizational objectives. This step ensures that employees understand their roles and responsibilities in achieving the overall goals of the business and allows for effective coordination and collaboration among team members.

The fourth and final step in the MBO process is to implement regular progress reporting. An MBO program must include provisions for ongoing monitoring and reporting of progress. Regular progress reports help track the advancement towards set goals and objectives. By reviewing progress on a regular basis, it becomes possible to identify any discrepancies or areas where performance is falling short of expectations. 

This enables timely problem identification and allows for necessary adjustments or interventions to keep the MBO program on track. The reporting process provides valuable feedback to both management and employees, facilitating continuous improvement and ensuring that the business remains focused on achieving its objectives.


Implementing a Management by Objectives (MBO) program is a strategic approach that can greatly benefit small businesses. By following the steps of defining the business, setting goals, devising a work plan, and regularly reporting progress, small business owner-managers can create a framework that aligns their entire team towards a shared vision. The MBO approach fosters clear communication, employee engagement, and a goal-driven culture, ultimately leading to increased productivity, efficiency, and overall success.

Through effective MBO implementation, small businesses can enhance their planning and controlling functions, ensuring that their efforts are directed towards long-term goals. By involving employees in the goal-setting process, they foster a sense of commitment and ownership, resulting in a more motivated and dedicated workforce. 

The work plan provides a structured road map, outlining specific steps and benchmarks for measurement. Regular progress reporting enables continuous monitoring and allows for timely adjustments to keep the program on track. Overall, embracing the principles of MBO empowers small business owner-managers to effectively manage their resources, drive performance, and achieve sustainable growth.

Post a Comment for " How to Plan Small Business Management"